1. Professional, Administrative, Technical
2. Legislative Branch
- Legislative agencies
- Administrative staff: Washington-based, home district, committee
3. Judicial Branch
4. Executive Branch
5. Independent Agencies
- Office of the president
- Management and budget
- Council of economic advisors
- U.S. trade representatives
- Executive departments
1. Various federal departments and agencies
2. Various agencies including:
- General Accounting Office, Library of Congress, Government Printing Office, Congressional Budget Office
- Offices of senators and representatives
3. Supreme Court, U.S. Courts, supporting organizations
4. Office of the president, Departments of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Justice, Labor
5. Independent agencies include the following (not an exhaustive list):
- Coordination and Public Safety
- Emergency Response Policy
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
- Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
- Federal Emergency Management Agency
- General Services Administration
- National Archives & Records Administration
- Nuclear Regulatory Commission
- Office of Personnel Management
- Securities & Exchange Commission
- Tennessee Valley Authority
- U.S. Information Agency
- U.S. International Development Cooperation
Information & Strategies
1. Obtain an internship in a federal agency or department. Often this is the best way to get a foot in the door for a permanent position.
- Learn federal job application procedures and how to write a federal resume including your KSAs (knowledge, skills, and abilities).
2. Research various agencies and departments to discover which ones may be the best fit for your major and experience.
- Conduct informational interviews with government employees.
- Understand structure of Congress and various opportunities available.
- Develop excellent research, writing, communication, and organizational skills.
- Build a strong personal network.
- Explore districts other than your own.
3. Some positions require law degree and bar certification.
- Understand the structure and functions of the federal judiciary system.
5. There are a large number of niche areas and specialized agencies within the federal government. Do extensive research in order to find the area that best matches your skills and interests.
- Take courses or minor in applicable interest area(s).
- Research applicable public service exams and hiring procedures.
- Complete an internship in a related area.
- Maintain a high GPA to qualify for government employment.
- Consider earning a graduate degree to prepare for the largest number of opportunities.