North Park University

Common Disabilities


Functional Limitation

Attention Deficit
  • Difficulty concentration for long periods of time; easily distracted
  • Difficulty organizing work and budgeting time
  • Problems staying at a desk or task for long periods of time
Auditory Perception
  • Difficulty taking information in through sense of hearing and/or in processing this information
  • Difficulty in discriminating similar sounds
  • Difficulty related to listening to and remembering verbal instructions
  • Trouble hearing sounds over background noise
  • Fatigue when trying to listen to a talk or lecture
  • Difficulty in hearing sounds in the correct order and have problems taking phone messages
Dyscalculia (Math)
  • Difficulty with calculation
  • Difficulty with rapid processing of math facts
Dysgraphia (Writing)
  • Difficulty with the physical act of writing
Dyslexia (Reading)
  • Difficulty with any task in which reading is an essential component; examples: reading texts, articles, exams, notes etc.
Language Deficit
  • Difficulty articulating words
  • Difficulty recalling words to express a feeling or event
  • Difficulty communicating similarities and differences
  • Difficulty distinguishing past, present and future forms of verbs
Memory Deficit
  • Difficulty remembering problems, retaining numerical information such as multiplication tables, dates, etc.
  • Difficulty remember rate facts
Reasoning Deficit
  • Trouble thinking in an orderly and logical way
  • Difficulty prioritizing and sequencing tasks
  • Difficulty applying learned skills to a new tasks
Social Skills
  • Difficulty discriminating visual cues such as facial expressions and body language
  • Difficulty with auditory cues such as voice intonation, enunciation and voice quality
  • Difficulty accepting constructive criticism and interpreting humor or sarcasm
Spatial Organization
  • Problems perceiving the dimensions of space
  • Trouble distinguishing left from right, north from south, up from down, ahead and behind
Visual Perception
  • Difficulty taking information in through the sense sight
  • Difficulty in processing the information
  • Trouble seeing a specific image within a competing background, such as picking a line out of a book
  • Trouble seeing the differences between two objects
  • Trouble seeing how far away or near an object might be
  • Difficulty filling in computerized exam forms
  • Difficulty copying information from the board